Juvenile Delinquency

Why Do Youths Commit Crime?

; Elena Azaola

Juvenile Delinquency: Why Do Youths Commit Crime? focuses on why juveniles commit crime. It includes discussions on what constitutes criminal behavior by juveniles, the general theories on delinquency, and discussions that tie the theories with real life situations. Les mer
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Om boka

Juvenile Delinquency: Why Do Youths Commit Crime? focuses on why juveniles commit crime. It includes discussions on what constitutes criminal behavior by juveniles, the general theories on delinquency, and discussions that tie the theories with real life situations. The book opens the students' eyes to the fascinating concepts involving juvenile delinquency, and is designed to provide a complete study of the behavior, beliefs, conditions, and reactions to deviance by young offenders.



Throughout Cliff Roberson and Elena Azaola gives students a detailed discussion of and what constitutes juvenile delinquency to allow for better understanding of this phenomenon. In each of the chapters, the authors encourage the student to develop new insights on criminal behavior of juveniles. The book makes the subject come alive by the generous use of "down to earth" examples of the issues involved in the area. While each chapter builds on the previous chapters, the book is written in a manner to reduce the necessity of memorization by students. Each chapter begins with chapter objectives that highlights key points for the student and brief chapter outlines. Each chapter closes with a practicum, chapter summary, and discussion and review questions which enhance student learning. The book closes with a glossary where student may refer to they key terms and words throughout the text.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

Preface

Acknowledgements

Part I: Juveniles Delinquency Overview

Chapter 1: Introduction to the Study of Juvenile Delinquency

Chapter objectives

Overview of juvenile delinquency

Defining adolescence and lack of a uniform definition

Types of Juvenile Misconduct

Measuring Delinquency

Goals of the Juvenile Justice System

Factors that influence juvenile behaviors

Overview of delinquency theories

Crime and Age

Female Delinquency

Overview of federal action on juvenile Justice

Practicum

Summary

Discussion and Review Questions

Chapter 2: Issues Involving Juvenile Delinquency

Chapter objectives

Do We Need A Separate Court System?

Juveniles Involved in Sex Trafficking

Primary Purpose of Juvenile Justice Courts?

Juvenile Incarceration Funding

Privately-Operated Juvenile Institutions

School to Prison Pipeline

Juveniles Who Commit Violent Crimes

Pathways to Desistance

Bullying

Cyber Delinquency

Practicum

Summary

Discussion and Review Questions

Part II: Delinquency Causation Theories

Chapter 3: Classical and Positivists Concepts

Chapter objectives

Delinquency Behaviors

Early Theories of Delinquency

Classical Concepts

Free Will

Rational choice

Mental Capacity Defenses

Early Positivist Concepts

Biological Explanations of Delinquency

Psychological Concepts

Practicum

Summary

Discussion and Review Questions

Chapter 4: Social Structure Concepts

Chapter objectives

Causation Theories

Anomie

Social Structure Processes

Strain

Subcultural Theories

Institutional anomie theory

Symbolic Interaction Theories

Ecological Theories

Practicum

Summary

Discussion and Review Questions

Chapter 5: Social Process and Integrated Theories

Chapter objectives

Social Control Theories

Social Bond Theories

Conflict Theories

Critical Theories

Social Learning Theories

Multi-Factor Theories of Crime

Integrated Theories

Control Balance Theory

Differential Coercion Theory

Practicum

Summary

Discussion and Review Questions

Part III Delinquency Influences

Chapter 6: Families & Peers Delinquency Influences

Chapter objectives

Family Influences

Early Childhood Disruptive Behavior

Functional Family Theory

Peers and Delinquency

Practicum

Summary

Discussion and Review Questions

Chapter 7: Youth Gangs

Chapter objectives

Youth Gang Issues

Defining Youth Gangs

History of Youth Gangs

Gang Indicators

Indicators of Youth Gang Involvement

Dynamics of Youth Gangs

Why Youths Join Gangs

Consequences of Gang Membership

Preventing Gang Membership

Promising Programs for Dealing with Youth Gangs

National Youth Gang Center

Practicum

Summary

Discussion and Review Questions

Chapter 8: Juveniles and Police

Chapter objectives

Police and Juvenile offenders

Police Discretion

School Resource Officers

Police and Rule of Law

Practicum

Summary

Discussion and Review Questions

Part IV Juvenile Justice System

Chapter 9: Juvenile Justice

Chapter objectives

Development of Juvenile Justice

Juvenile Justice Reform

Development of Dependency Jurisdiction

U.S. Supreme Court and the Rights of Juveniles

Practicum

Summary

Discussion and Review Questions

Chapter 10: Juvenile Court Hearings

Chapter objectives

Overview

The Petition

Jurisdictional or Intake Hearing

Adjudicatory hearing

Rights at Juvenile Hearings

Appealing A Juvenile Adjudication

Persons Involved in the Hearings

Reponses and Plea Bargaining

Practicum

Summary

Discussion and Review Questions

Chapter 11: Juvenile Corrections

Chapter objectives

Juvenile Probation

Conditions of Probation

Interstate Compact on Juveniles

Juvenile Probation Officers

Restorative Justice

Revocation of Probation

Practicum

Summary

Discussion and Review Questions

Chapter 12: Juvenile Institutions

Chapter objectives

Overview

Sexual Violence in Juvenile Institutes

Residential Treatment

Juvenile Parole

Types of Institutions

Aftercare

Does Detention make them worst?

Massachusetts Experience

Practicum

Summary

Discussion and Review Questions

Chapter 13: Transfers to Adult Criminal Court

Chapter Objective

Overview

Statistics on Waivers

Waiver of Jurisdiction

Double Jeopardy and the Wavier Decision

Right to Appeal Waiver

Direct Filing in Adult Criminal Court

Practicum

Summary

Discussion and Review Questions

Chapter 14: Enhancing Juvenile Protection

Chapter objectives

Termination of Parental Rights

Protective Orders

Disclosure of Juvenile Information

Expunction of Juvenile Records

Dual System Youths

Juvenile Competency Procedures

Juvenile Drug Courts

Teen Courts

Status Offenses

Practicum

Summary

Discussion and Review Questions

Chapter 15: Comparative Review of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency

Chapter objectives

Overview

United Nations Standards on Juvenile Justice

United Nations World Youth Report

Comparative Study of Youth Crime

Australia

Canada

China

France

Great Britain

India

Japan

Practicum

Summary

Discussion and Review Questions

Author Bios

Om forfatteren

Cliff Roberson is former managing editor in chief of the journal Police Practice & Research, an international journal that is distributed in over 50 countries. In addition, he is an Emeritus Professor at Washburn University and retired Professor of Criminology at California State University, Fresno.


Elena Azaola, PhD, is a professor at the Center for Advanced Studies and Research in social anthropology located in Mexico City. She has published more than 150 journal articles and numerous books on human behavior, crime, and human rights. Presently Azaola is working on a United Nations funded research on developing "Standards for Mexican Prisons."