The Elections in Israel 2003

The Elections in Israel--2003 brings together leading Israeli and North American social scientists and their state-of-the-art, in-depth analysis of the 2003 Israeli national elections. These elections returned Ariel Sharon and the Likud to power amid one of the bloodiest rounds of conflict between Israel and the Palestinians and a severe economic downturn in Israel. Les mer
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The Elections in Israel--2003 brings together leading Israeli and North American social scientists and their state-of-the-art, in-depth analysis of the 2003 Israeli national elections. These elections returned Ariel Sharon and the Likud to power amid one of the bloodiest rounds of conflict between Israel and the Palestinians and a severe economic downturn in Israel. Contributors analyze the electoral behavior of the voters as a whole and various subgroups, highlighting social cleavages and identity, as well as issues and other strategic considerations. Three chapters analyze in detail the Arab, the national-religious, and the "Russian" vote. The 2003 elections saw Israel's return to the family of parliamentary nations after it experimented with the direct election of the prime minister from 1996 through 2001. The impact of the adoption and repeal of this unique Israeli system of government is another major topic covered in this volume, and several contributions explore the impact of these changes upon the electorate, the party system, and party financing. Other unusual features of the 2003 elections were the low turnout levels among Jewish and Arab voters; political moves to disqualify Arab candidates and lists from running for office, which were overruled by the Supreme Court of Israel; the collapse of the left, the spectacular showing of the centrist Shinui party, and the dominant status of the Likud in the Knesset and in Israeli politics. Through its focus on the 2003 elections, this volume also illuminates developments and changes in Israeli society and politics. Many of these developments--multiculturalism, changes in social stratification, the growing role of the judiciary and of the media, and political reforms--characterize other Western democracies as well, and these are discussed from a comparative perspective. The Elections in Israel--2003 will be of particular interest to those concerned with politics in Israel as well as those concerned with comparative politics and elections in general.

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Innholdsfortegnelse












































































































Acknowledgementsvii
Introduction1(12)




Michal Shamir and Asher Arian

Part 1: Party System Continuity or Change?




1. On Mistaking a Dominant Party in a Dealigning System

13(20)




Asher Arian and Michal Shamir





2. The Political Consequences of the Introduction and the Repeal of the Direct Elections for the Prime Minister

33(30)




Ofer Kenig, Gideon Rahat, and Reuven Y. Hazan

Part 2: Politics of the Election Campaign




3. Fat Parties-Lean Candidates: Funding Israeli Internal Party Contests

63(22)




Menachem Hofnung





4. Who's Defending Democracy? The Battle among the Elites over the Elections to the 16th Knesset

85(16)




Ami Pedahzur





5. Disqualification of Political Party Lists and Candidates for the Knesset-Were the 2003 Elections Unique?

101(22)




Michal Shamir and Keren Weinshall-Margel





6. An Empirical Analysis of the Issue of Media Bias in Israeli Elections, 1996-2003

123(20)




Tamir Sheafer and Gabriel Weimann

Part 3: Voting Behavior: Rational Choice and Group Perspectives




7. Coalition Considerations and the Vote

143(24)




John H. Aldrich, Andre Blais, Indridi H. Indridason, and Renan Levine





8. The Winners and Losers of 2003: Ideology, Social Structure, and Political Change

167(20)




Michael Shalev and Gal Levy





9. Religious Zionism and the National Religious Party in the 2003 Elections: An Attempt to Respond to the Challenges of Religious, Ethnic, and Political Schism

187(28)




Asher Cohen





10. Voting without Voice: About the Vote of the Palestinian Minority in the 16th Knesset Elections

215(30)




Nadim Rouhana, Nabil Saleh, and Nimer Sultany





11. From "Russians" to Israelis?

245(16)




Ken Goldstein and Zvi Gitelman

Contributors261(2)
Index263