The Oxford Handbook of Electoral Systems

Erik S. Herron (Redaktør) ; Robert J. Pekkanen (Redaktør) ; Matthew S. Shugart (Redaktør)

No subject is more central to the study of politics than elections. All across the globe, elections are a focal point for citizens, the media, and politicians long before-and sometimes long after-they occur. Les mer
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Om boka

No subject is more central to the study of politics than elections. All across the globe, elections are a focal point for citizens, the media, and politicians long before-and sometimes long after-they occur. Electoral systems, the rules about how voters' preferences are translated into election results, profoundly shape the results not only of individual elections but also of many other important political outcomes, including party systems, candidate selection, and
policy choices. Electoral systems have been a hot topic in established democracies from the UK and Italy to New Zealand and Japan. Even in the United States, events like the 2016 and 2020 presidential elections and court decisions such as Citizens United have sparked advocates to promote change in
the Electoral College, redistricting, and campaign-finance rules. Elections and electoral systems have also intensified as a field of academic study, with groundbreaking work over the past decade sharpening our understanding of how electoral systems fundamentally shape the connections among citizens, government, and policy. This volume provides an in-depth exploration of the origins and effects of electoral systems.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

1. Terminology and Basic Rules of Electoral Systems
Erik S. Herron, Robert J. Pekkanen, and Matthew S. Shugart

Part I. Foundations of Electoral Systems
2. Dimensions of Variation in Electoral Systems
Michael Gallagher and Paul Mitchell
3. Electoral System Effects on Party Systems
Matthew S. Shugart and Rein Taagepera
4. Party System Effects on Electoral Systems
Josep M. Colomer
5. Electoral System Design in New Democracies
John M. Carey
6. Electoral System Change
Alan Renwick

Part II. Issues and Representation
7. Social Diversity, Electoral Systems, and the Party System
Robert Moser, Ethan Scheiner, and Heather Stoll
8. Electoral Systems and Ethnic Minority Representation
David Lublin and Shaun Bowler
9. Electoral Systems and Women's Representation
Mona Lena Krook
10. Electoral Systems and Voter Turnout
Daniel M. Smith
11. Electoral Systems and Citizen-Elite Ideological Congruence
Matthew Golder and Benjamin Ferland
12. Electoral Systems and Issue Polarization
James F. Adams and Nathan J. Rexford

Part III. Electoral Systems and the Wider Political System
13. Portfolio-maximizing Strategic Voting in Parliamentary Elections
Gary W. Cox
14. Presidential and Legislative Elections
Mark P. Jones
15. Electoral Systems and Legislative Organization
Shane Martin
16. Electoral Systems and Roles in the Legislative Arena
Audrey Andre and Sam Depauw
17. Electoral Systems and Constituency Service
Brian F. Crisp and William M. Simoneau
18. Direct Democracy and Referendums
Matt Qvortrup
19. Electoral Systems in Authoritarian States
Jennifer Gandhi and Abigail L. Heller

Part IV. Electoral Systems and Research Design
20. Election Data and Levels of Analysis
Ken Kollman
21. Experimental Research Design in the Study of Electoral Systems
Joshua Tucker and Dominik Duell
22. Reconciling Approaches in the Study of Mixed-Member Electoral Systems
Erik S. Herron, Kuniaki Nemoto, and Misa Nishikawa

Part V. Holding Elections
23. Election Administration
Thad E. Hall
24. Electoral Systems and Electoral Integrity
Pippa Norris
25. Electoral Systems and Redistricting
Lisa Handley
26. Electoral Systems and Campaign Finance
Joel W. Johnson

Part VI. Electoral Systems in Context
27. Electoral Systems in Context: The Netherlands
Kristof Jacobs
28. Electoral Systems in Context: Israel
Reuven Y. Hazan, Reut Itzkovitch-Malka, and Gideon Rahat
29. Electoral Systems in Context: Finland
Asa von Schoultz
30. Electoral Systems in Context: United Kingdom
Thomas Carl Lundberg
31. Electoral Systems in Context: Ireland
Michael Marsh
32. Electoral Systems in Context: France
Veronica Hoyo
33. Electoral Systems in Context: India
Adam Ziegfeld
34. Electoral Systems in Context: United States
Steven L. Taylor
35. Electoral Systems in Context: Canada
Louis Massicotte
36. Electoral Systems in Context: Australia
Ian McAllister and Toni Makkai
37. Electoral Systems in Context: Germany
Thomas Zittel

Part VII. Electoral Systems in the Context of Reform
38. Electoral Systems in Context: New Zealand
Jack Vowles
39. Electoral Systems in Context: Japan
Kuniaki Nemoto
40. Electoral Systems in Context: Italy
Gianluca Passarelli
41. Electoral Systems in Context: Colombia
Steven L. Taylor and Matthew S. Shugart

Part VIII. Electoral Systems in the Context of New Democracies
42. Electoral Systems in Context: Ukraine
Erik S. Herron
43. Electoral Systems in Context: Indonesia
Nathan Allen
44. Electoral Systems in Context: South Africa
Karen E. Ferree

Om forfatteren

Erik S. Herron is the Eberly Family Distinguished Professor of Political Science at West Virginia University.

Robert J. Pekkanen is Professor at the Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies, Adjunct Professor of Political Science, and Adjunct Professor of Sociology at the University of Washington.

Matthew S. Shugart is Distinguished Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Davis, and Affiliated Professor at the University of Haifa.