A History of Anthropology

; Finn Sivert Nielsen

This is a thoroughly updated and revised edition of a popular classic of modern anthropology. The authors provide summaries of 'Enlightenment', 'Romantic' and 'Victorian' anthropology, from the cultural theories of Morgan and Taylor to the often neglected contributions of German scholars. Les mer
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Om boka

This is a thoroughly updated and revised edition of a popular classic of modern anthropology. The authors provide summaries of 'Enlightenment', 'Romantic' and 'Victorian' anthropology, from the cultural theories of Morgan and Taylor to the often neglected contributions of German scholars. The ambiguous relationship between anthropology and national cultures is also considered.



The book provides an unparalleled account of theoretical developments in anthropology from the 1920s to the present, including functionalism, structuralism, hermeneutics, neo-Marxism and discourse analysis. There are brief biographies of major anthropologists and coverage of key debates including totemism, kinship and globalisation.



This essential text on anthropology is highly engaging, authoritative and suitable for students at all levels.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

Series preface


Preface


1. Proto-Anthropology


Introduction


Herodotus and other Greeks


After Antiquity


The European Conquests and their Impact


Why All This is not Quite Anthropology Yet


The Enlightenment


Romanticism


2. Victorians, Germans and a Frenchman


Introduction


Evolutionism and Cultural History


Morgan


Marx


Bastian and the German Tradition


Tylor and Other Victorians


The Golden Bough and the Torres Expedition


German Diffusionism


The New Sociology


Durkheim


Weber


3. Four Founding Fathers


Introduction


The Founding Fathers and their Projects


Malinowski and the Trobriand Islanders


Radcliffe-Brown's Natural Science of Society


Boas and Historical Particularism


Mauss and the Total Social Prestation


Anthropology in 1930: Parallels and Divergences


4. Expansion and Institutionalisation


Introduction


A Marginal Discipline?


Oxford and LSE, Columbia and Chicago


The Dakar-Djibouti Expedition


Culture and Personality


Cultural History


Ethnolinguistics


The Chicago School


'Kinshipology'


Functionalism's Last Stand


Some British Outsiders


5. Forms of Change


Introduction


Neo-evolutionism and Cultural Ecology


Formalism and Substativism


Methodological Individualists at Cambridge


Role Analysis and System Theory


6. The Power of Symbols


Introduction


From Function to Meaning


Ethnoscience and Symbolic Anthropology


Geertz and Schneider


Levi-Strauss and Structuralism


Early Impact


The State of the Art in 1968


7. Questioning Authority


Introduction


The Return of Marx


Structural Marxism


The Not-Quite-Marxists


Political Economy and the Capitalist World System


Feminism and the Birth of Reflexive Fieldwork


Ethnicity


Practice Theory


The Sociobiology Debate and Samoa


8. The End of Modernism?


Introduction


The End of Modernism?


The Postcolonial World


A New Departure or a Return to Boas?


Other Positions


9. Global Networks


Introduction


Towards an International Anthropology?


Trends for the Future


Biology and Culture


Globalisation and the Production of Locality


Bibliography


Index

Om forfatteren

Thomas Hylland Eriksen is Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Oslo and former President of the European Association of Social Anthropologists. He is the author of numerous classics of anthropology, including Small Places, Large Issues - 4th Edition (Pluto, 2015) and What is Anthropology? - 2nd Edition (Pluto, 2017).



Finn Sivert Nielsen worked in the anthropology departments at the University of Tromso and the University of Copenhagen. He is a contributor to A History of Anthropology (Pluto, 2013).