Oil Exploration, Diplomacy, and Security in the Early Cold War

The Enemy Underground

The importance of oil for national military-industrial complexes appeared more clearly than ever in the Cold War. This volume argues that the confidential acquisition of geoscientific knowledge was paramount for states, not only to provide for their own energy needs, but also to buttress national economic and geostrategic interests and protect energy security. Les mer
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Om boka

The importance of oil for national military-industrial complexes appeared more clearly than ever in the Cold War. This volume argues that the confidential acquisition of geoscientific knowledge was paramount for states, not only to provide for their own energy needs, but also to buttress national economic and geostrategic interests and protect energy security.


By investigating the postwar rebuilding and expansion of French and Italian oil industries from the second half of the 1940s to the early 1960s, this book shows how successive administrations in those countries devised strategies of oil exploration and transport, aiming at achieving a higher degree of energy autonomy and setting up powerful oil agencies that could implement those strategies. However, both within and outside their national territories, these two European countries had to confront the new Cold War balances and the interests of the two superpowers.

Fakta

Innholdsfortegnelse

Introduction





1. The Allied Shadow: International Pressures and the Italian Oil Industry





2. From Iraq to Africa: the Quest for French Energy





3. Oil Diplomacy in Wartime Algeria





4. The Midstream Shift





5. Transnational Counterattack Against Soviet Oil Plans





Conclusion





Bibliography

Om forfatteren

Roberto Cantoni is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow within the Security


Studies Chair at CERI, Sciences Po, and an Associate Researcher at


LATTS-IFRIS, France. In 2014 he defended his PhD on oil exploration,


diplomacy and security at the University of Manchester, UK. In the same


year he won the Society for the History of Technology's Levinson Prize. He


currently works on the politics of epistemic vulnerability in the nuclear age.